This event ultimately removed opera from the exclusive patronage of royalty and nobility and placed it within reach of all but the poorest sectors of the Italian urban population. By the end of the century, Venice had nine such commercial theatres, a number of them devoted to opera. Although the theatres did not all operate simultaneously, they nevertheless attracted, and indeed competed for, domestic and international audiences.
He was baptized immediately after his birth at his home by the midwife, which led to a belief that his life was somehow in danger.
Though the reasons for the child's immediate baptism are not known for certain, it was done most likely due either to his poor health or to an earthquake that shook the city that day. In the trauma of the earthquake, Vivaldi's mother may have dedicated him to the priesthood.
It is possible that Legrenzi gave the young Antonio his first lessons in composition. The Luxembourg scholar Walter Kolneder has discerned the influence of Vivaldi and venetian opera style in Vivaldi's early liturgical work Laetatus sum RV Anh 31written in at the age of thirteen.
Vivaldi's father may have been a composer himself: One of his symptoms, strettezza di petto "tightness of the chest"has been interpreted as a form of asthma. Inat the age of fifteen, he began studying to become a priest. Not long after his ordination, inhe was given a dispensation from celebrating Mass because of his ill health.
Vivaldi said Mass as a priest only a few times, and appeared to have withdrawn from liturgical duties, though he formally remained a member of the priesthood.
The German architect Johann Friedrich Armand von Uffenbach referred to Vivaldi Vivaldi and venetian opera "the famous composer and violinist" and said that "Vivaldi played a solo accompaniment excellently, and at the conclusion he added a free fantasy [an improvised cadenza] which absolutely astounded me, for it is hardly possible that anyone has ever played, or ever will play, in such a fashion.
Over the next thirty years he composed most of his major works while working there. They were financed by funds provided by the Republic.
The girls received a musical education, and the most talented among them stayed and became members of the Ospedale's renowned orchestra and choir. Shortly after Vivaldi's appointment, the orphans began to gain appreciation and esteem abroad, too. Vivaldi wrote concertos, cantatas and sacred vocal music for them.
He had to compose an oratorio or concerto at every feast and teach the orphans both music theory and how to play certain instruments. The board had to take a vote every year on whether to keep a teacher.
The vote on Vivaldi was seldom unanimous, and went 7 to 6 against him in He was a musician himself, and Vivaldi probably met him in Venice. It was followed in by La stravaganza Opus 4a collection of concerti for solo violin and strings,  dedicated to an old violin student of Vivaldi's, the Venetian noble Vettor Dolfin.
The work seems to have been written in haste: Nevertheless, perhaps in part because of the forced essentiality of the music, the work is considered to be one of his early masterpieces. Despite his frequent travels fromthe Ospedale paid him 2 sequins to write two concerti a month for the orchestra and to rehearse with them at least five times when in Venice.
The orphanage's records show that he was paid for concerti between and Opera impresario[ edit ] First edition of Juditha triumphans  In early 18th-century Venice, opera was the most popular musical entertainment.
It proved most profitable for Vivaldi. There were several theaters competing for the public's attention. Vivaldi started his career as an opera composer as a sideline: The work was not to the public's taste, and it closed after a couple of weeks, being replaced with a repeat of a different work already given the previous year.
The opera contained eleven ariasand was a success.
In the late season, Vivaldi planned to put on an opera entirely of his own creation, Arsilda, regina di Ponto RVbut the state censor blocked the performance. The main character, Arsilda, falls in love with another woman, Lisea, who is pretending to be a man.
The most important were two oratorios. Moyses Deus Pharaonis, RV is now lost. The second, Juditha triumphans RVcelebrates the victory of the Republic of Venice against the Turks and the recapture of the island of Corfu.
Composed init is one of his sacred masterpieces. All eleven singing parts were performed by girls of the orphanage, both the female and male roles. Many of the arias include parts for solo instruments—recorders, oboes, violas d'amoreand mandolins—that showcased the range of talents of the girls.
The latter was so popular that it performed two years later, re-edited and retitled Artabano re dei Parti RVnow lost. It was also performed in Prague in In the years that followed, Vivaldi wrote several operas that were performed all over Italy. Frontispiece of Il teatro alla moda His progressive operatic style caused him some trouble with more conservative musicians such as Benedetto Marcelloa magistrate and amateur musician who wrote a pamphlet denouncing Vivaldi and his operas.
The pamphlet, Il teatro alla modaattacks the composer even as it does not mention him directly.Venetian composers in the latter half of the century included Antonio Sartorio and Giovanni Legrenzi and in the early 18th century Antonio Vivaldi, who composed 49 operas for Venice and other cities; many of Vivaldi’s operas are now lost.
Opera - Venetian opera: The inauguration early in of the first public opera house, the Teatro di San Cassiano in Venice—a commercial venture for one of the city’s wealthy merchant families—was another decisive factor in the development of opera.
This event ultimately removed opera from the exclusive patronage of royalty and nobility and placed it within reach of all but the poorest. Opera in Venice: Check out 14 reviews and photos of Viator's Virtuosi di Venezia: Vivaldi and Opera5/5(13). Venice - the city that created opera In the early 18th century, Venice, a city of some , inhabitants, boasted seven full-time opera houses.
Portrait of Antonio Vivaldi ( Motezuma, RV , is an opera in three acts by Antonio Vivaldi with an Italian libretto by Alvise Giusti. Vivaldi's librettist was the Venetian lawyer Girolamo Giusti.
His libretto was a highly fictionalised account of an episode in the life of the Aztec ruler Montezuma. The opera has a happy ending, unlike the real Montezuma who was killed. Antonio Lucio Vivaldi (Italian: [anˈtɔːnjo ˈluːtʃo viˈvaldi]; 4 March – 28 July ) was an Italian Baroque musical composer, virtuoso violinist, teacher, and timberdesignmag.com in Venice, the capital of the Venetian Republic, he is recognized as one of the greatest Baroque composers, and his influence during his lifetime was widespread across Europe.