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Professor Shane O'Mara of Trinity College, Dublin, said the interrogation techniques had a detrimental effect on brain functions related to memory. He listed 10 methods of what he called torture used by the US, including stress positions and waterboarding.
His review is published in the journal, Trends in Cognitive Science. Techniques used by US Walling - captive is placed with heels touching the wall and is pulled away and pushed back into it with force Wall standing - captive stands four to five feet from wall with fingertips supporting all the body weight to induce muscle fatigue Cramped confinement - captive place in small box in darkness for up to two hours, in a larger box for up to 18 hours Sleep deprivation - captive is deprived of sleep for up to 11 days Stress positions - captive sits on floor with legs straight out in front and arms raised above head or is made to kneel on the floor while leaning back at a 45 degree angle Waterboarding - captive is bound head down on an inclined bench with a cloth over the eyes.
Water is applied to the cloth for 20 to 40 seconds at a time inducing fast breathing and perception of drowning "However this model of the impact of extreme stress on memory and the brain is utterly unsupported by scientific evidence.
The stress hormone, cortisol, binds to receptors in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex increasing neuronal excitability which compromises the normal functioning of the brain if it is sustained. And other stress hormones called catecholamines could lead to an increase in blood pressure and heart rate which could cause long-term damage to the brain and body if they were maintained at a high level for a long time.
Conditioning Professor O'Mara said a common argument in favour of torture was that it would reliably elicit truthful information from the captive's long-term memory. But psychological studies had suggested that during extreme stress and anxiety, the captive would be conditioned to associate speaking with periods of safety.
And because torture was stressful for the torturers the fact that the captive was speaking also provided a safety signal to the captor.Sep 27, · Torturing 'does not get truth' The extreme stress of torture harms the memory Torture techniques used on suspected terrorists by the Bush administration may have failed to .
To Torture or Not to Torture Topic: To Torture or Not to Torture Note: In order to fulfill this assignment, you need to have read the Group Discussion Board Forum 2 Instructions and the following chapters from Holmes: chs.
4–7, "US policy is not to torture – and we do not," Perino told reporters. Bush has reiterated that claim during press briefings. “We do not torture,” he has said. DoJ spokesman Brian Roehrkasse issued a statement saying the December memo remains binding on the executive branch.
To Torture Or Not To Torture Phil Torture is Justifiable The limited use of torture should be permitted in the US in order to protect the wellbeing of the public.
Torture can be both an effective means of gathering information, and it can be reasonably justified in some circumstances. Some of these circumstances can be any time where there is a . To Torture or Not to Torture From my reading and understanding of Holmes’ chapters and 14, I will try in my own words to explain each of the theories that were mentioned in the two questions for this discussion board%(7).
Lastly, torture is not the way to fight terror, or as wonderfully put in the words of former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan: "Torture can never be an instrument to fight terror, for torture is an.