Publications and Resources Specific Populations and Prescription Drug Misuse and Abuse Prescription drug misuse and abuse affects people from various backgrounds, but some population groups are more vulnerable than others. Data from a Drug Abuse Warning Network report showed that the proportion of emergency department visits involving nonmedical use of pharmaceuticals varied by gender: Youth and Young Adults Many young people think that prescription drugs are safer than illegal drugs because they are prescribed by a physician, dispensed by a pharmacist, and manufactured by pharmaceutical companies.
They can improve quality of life for people with chronic pain. Opioids can also be life-threatening in an overdose. Opioids can cause a mild joyful feeling.
But opioids such as OxyContin are sometimes wrongly snorted or injected to boost that feeling. Benzodiazepines depress the central nervous system CNS. Millions of people in the U.
GABA lowers brain activity, which makes you drowsy or calm. Barbiturates, including amobarbital Amytalpentobarbital Nembutalphenobarbital Luminaland secobarbital Seconalare also CNS depressants.
They are commonly used for anesthesia and are prescribed to treat seizures. At one time, they also commonly treated insomnia or anxiety on a short-term basis.
But because of overdose dangers, benzodiazepines have largely replaced barbiturates for those purposes. Taking CNS depressants for a few days to a few weeks may help you feel calm and sleepy.
But after a while, you may need larger doses to get the same calm and sleepy feeling. Also, using CNS depressants with alcohol can slow down your heart and breathing and lead to death.
After taking CNS depressants for a long time, stopping suddenly can have life-threatening effects such as withdrawal seizures. Stimulants give your body a fast jump-start, causing a great boost in alertness, energy, and attention.
Stimulants raise heart rate, blood sugar, and blood pressure, constrict blood vessels, and open the pathways of the respiratory system.
Continued Stimulants were first used to treat asthma and obesity.
Examples of stimulants are dextroamphetamine Dexedrine, Dextrostat, ProCentralisdexamfetamine Vyvansemethylphenidate Concerta, Daytrana, Methylin, Ritalinand the combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine Adderall. When they are abused -- for instance, by taking the drugs in higher doses or crushing the pills to get a high -- they can cause addiction and abuse.
Using stimulants with decongestants may cause irregular heart rhythms, and high doses of stimulants can cause high body temperatures. Doctors report writing more prescriptions for patients than ever before. That includes prescriptions for commonly abused drugs such as opioids, CNS depressants, and stimulants.
Also, you only have to go to the Internet to find many online pharmacies selling these highly addictive drugs. Online pharmacies make it easy to get these drugs -- even for children or teens.
The problem is most teens have no idea what medications they are taking and which ones may cause serious problems -- even death -- if taken with other drugs or alcohol. Your biology, social environment, and age or stage of growth seem to affect how likely you are to get addicted.
The more risks you have, the greater the chance that taking drugs can lead to addiction. As an example, sometimes addictions run in families with a strong genetic link. Your social environment, including friends or colleagues, may also influence addiction.
Equally important is your stage of growth. Studies show the earlier someone begins to abuse drugs, the greater the chances are that the addiction may become more serious problems.
If you are abusing them, you may be taking larger doses than your doctor prescribed, or using them for reasons other than prescribed.
For instance, if your doctor prescribed a pain medication to be taken three times daily and you are taking it more often or taking twice as much, you are abusing prescription drugs. If you take the same pain medication for reasons other than prescribed -- such as because you feel out of sorts or bored -- this is also prescription drug abuse.
This may also be a sign of abusing prescription drugs. Also, your pharmacist may notice prescription drug abuse by spotting false or altered prescription forms or multiple prescriptions for controlled substances from different doctors.
The FDA says guidelines for safe prescription medication use include: Always follow the prescription medication directions carefully. Never stop taking medication on your own. Talk honestly with your doctor about any history of substance abuse. There are treatments, including nonaddictive medications that can help people stop the symptoms of prescription drug addiction and regain control.This study analyzed data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health from to , and found that prescription painkiller abuse led to a % increase in emergency department visits between and , a more than % increase in the number of people seeking treatment for addiction to prescription opioids between and , and.
Access to other online resources was selected by %, with % choosing online reference tools on Québec or Canadian medical guidelines concerning opioid use for CNCP and % choosing online directories of resources and references on CNCP management and use of opioids.
percent aged 12 and up reported prescription pain killer nonmedical use within the past month th In , % of 12 th Graders, of 10 graders, and % of . Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.
Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence. Prescription drug abuse is a growing problem in Canada, and there is a movement to intensify the monitoring of certain prescriptions.
1 In addition to the obvious health and social consequences of drug abuse for the users, prescription drug misuse can also have adverse effects on the prescribers.
Prescription drug abusers might become aggressive and belligerent in demanding prescriptions. Prescription drug abuse is the use of a medication without a prescription, in a way other than prescribed, or for the experience or feelings elicited.
Although prescription medications are intended to help individuals, they can.