# Mathematical term mean median and mode

Mathematically, the average is the sum of all values, divided by the number of values there are. This is known as the arithmetic mean. The Mode is the most common value in a list. Proper understanding of given situations and contexts can often provide a person with the tools necessary to determine what statistically relevant method to use. In general, mean, median, mode and range should ideally all be computed and analyzed for a given sample or data set since they elucidate different aspects of the given data, and if considered alone, can lead to misrepresentations of the data, as will be demonstrated in the following sections.

Median The statistical concept of the median is a value that divides a data sample, population, or probability distribution into two halves. Finding the median essentially involves finding the value in a data sample that has a physical location between the rest of the numbers.

Note that when calculating the median of a finite list of numbers, the order of the data samples is important.

Conventionally, the values are listed in ascending order, but there is no real reason that listing the values in descending order would provide different results. In the case where the total number of values in a data sample is odd, the median is simply the number in the middle of the list of all values.

When the data sample contains an even number of values, the median is the mean of the two middle values. While this can be confusing, simply remember that even though the median sometimes involves the computation of a mean, when this case arises, it will involve only the two middle values, while a mean involves all the values in the data sample.

In the odd cases where there are only two data samples or there is an even number of samples where all the values are the same, the mean and median will be the same.

Given the same data set as before, the median would be acquired in the following manner: If there were another value added to the data set: Note that in this particular data set, the addition of an outlier a value well outside the expected range of valuesthe value 1,, has no real effect on the data set.

If however the mean is computed for this data set, the result isThis value is clearly not a good representation of the seven other values in the data set that are far smaller and closer in value than the average and the outlier.

This is the main advantage of using the median in describing statistical data when compared to the mean. While both, as well as other statistical values, should be calculated when describing data, if only one can be used, the median can provide a better estimate of a typical value in a given data set when there are extremely large variations between values.

Mode In statistics, the mode is the value in a data set that has the highest number of recurrences. It is possible for a data set to be multimodal, meaning that it has more than one mode. Similarly to mean and median, the mode is used as a way to express information about random variables and populations.

Unlike mean and median however, the mode is a concept that can be applied to non-numerical values such as the brand of tortilla chips most commonly purchased from a grocery store.

In the case where 24 bags of tortilla chips sell during a given period, the store would stock 12 bags of XOCHiTL chips, 8 of Tostitos, and 4 of Mission if using the mode. If however the store simply used an average and sold 8 bags of each, it could potentially lose 4 sales if a customer desired only XOCHiTL chips and not any other brand.

As is evident from this example, it is important to take all manners of statistical values into account when attempting to draw conclusions about any data sample.

Range The range of a data set in statistics is the difference between the largest and the smallest values. While range does have different meanings within different areas of statistics and mathematics, this is its most basic definition, and is what is used by the provided calculator.

Using the same example: Similarly to the mean, range can be significantly affected by extremely large or small values. Using the same example as previously: As such, it is important to extensively analyze data sets to ensure that outliers are accounted for.Sep 24,  · In math, median is used to refer to the middle number in a group.

To determine the median, you order the numbers from (lowest) to (highest) and find the middle number in the series.

## Calculating the Mean

If there are two middle numbers, then add them together and divide by two to find the mean. We use statistics such as the mean, median and mode to obtain information about a population from our sample set of observed values.

Mean. The mean (or average) of a set of data values is the sum of all of the data values divided by the number of data values. That is: Example 1.

## Median: Think Middle

The marks of seven students in a mathematics test with a maximum possible mark of 20 are given below. In math, median is used to refer to the middle number in a group. To determine the median, you order the numbers from (lowest) to (highest) and find the middle number in the series. If there are two middle numbers, then add them together and divide by two to find the mean.

Definition of Mean, Median & Mode By Amy S. Jorgensen; Updated March 13, Whether you are a math student, survey taker, statistician or researcher, you are going to need to calculate the average of multiple numbers from time to time.

The term "average" is used a lot with data sets. Mean, median, and mode are all types of averages. Example problem finding mean, median, mode and range: Find the mean, median, mode and range of the following data set: Advanced Kids Math Subjects.

Multiplication Intro to Multiplication Long Multiplication Multiplication Tips and Tricks. In mathematics and statistics, averages can be found in three ways -- mean, median and mode.

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Calculating the Mean When you think of averaging, you are most likely to think of finding the mean.

Median - Wikipedia