Miller and Co,
It was then further edited and adopted by the Committee of the Whole of the Second Continental Congress on July 4, Jefferson's "original Rough draught" is on exhibit in the Library of Congress.
The Committee of Five edited Jefferson's draft. Their version survived further edits by the whole Congress intact, and reads: Jefferson declared himself an Epicurean during his lifetime: The greatest disagreement comes between those who suggest the phrase was drawn from John Locke and those who identify some other source.
Lockean roots hypothesis[ edit ] InLocke argued in his Two Treatises of Government that political society existed for the sake of protecting "property", which he defined as a person's "life, liberty, and estate".
Under such an assumption, the Declaration of Independence would declare that government existed primarily for the reasons Locke gave, and some have extended that line of thinking to support a conception of limited government.
It is noted that Franklin found property to be a "creature of society" and thus, he believed that it should be taxed as a way to finance civil society.
If, in reality, courage and a heart devoted to the good of mankind are the constituents of human felicity, the kindness which is done infers a happiness in the person from whom it proceeds, not in him on whom it is bestowed; and the greatest good which men possessed of fortitude and generosity can procure to their fellow creatures is a participation of this happy character.
If this be the good of the individual, it is likewise that of mankind; and virtue no longer imposes a task by which we are obliged to bestow upon others that good from which we ourselves refrain; but supposes, in the highest degree, as possessed by ourselves, that state of felicity which we are required to promote in the world.
Blackstone argues that God 'has so intimately connected, so inseparably interwoven the laws of eternal justice with the happiness of each individual, that the latter cannot be attained but by observing the former; and, if the former be punctually obeyed, it cannot but induce the latter.
An alternative phrase "life, liberty, and property", is found in the Declaration of Colonial Rightsa resolution of the First Continental Congress. The Fifth Amendment and Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution declare that governments cannot deprive any person of "life, liberty, or property" without due process of law.
Also, Article 3 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights reads, "Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person". Archived from the original on March 30, Retrieved May 18, Scanned image of the Jefferson's "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence, written in Juneincluding all the changes made later by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin and other members of the committee, and by Congress.
Constitution and Declaration of Independence. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. A Multitude of Amendments, Alterations and Additions.
Retrieved October 29, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson. Retrieved May 19, Retrieved January 21, Two Treatises of Government.
A Letter Concerning Toleration. Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Book 2, Chapter 21, Section The Natural Rights Republic.Analytic Processes for School Leaders. by Cynthia T. Richetti and Benjamin B. Tregoe. Table of Contents. Chapter 1. Rational Thinking as a Process. Solutions to significant problems facing modern society demand a widespread qualitative improvement in thinking and understanding.
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"Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness" is a well-known phrase in the United States Declaration of Independence. The phrase gives three examples of the "unalienable rights" which the Declaration says have been given to all humans by their creator. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
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