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After unemployment insurance, SNAP historically has been the most responsive federal program in assisting families and communities during economic Book analysis the welcome table. The Great Recession was no exception.
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SNAP grew rapidly between andas the recession and lagging recovery led more low-income households to qualify and apply for help. Poverty and food insecurity both rose substantially in the recession, making more people eligible for SNAP; both have since fallen but remained slightly above pre-recession levels in SNAP also reached a higher share of eligible people: Research on the Great Recession finds that economic factors such as the unemployment rate explain between about half and 90 percent of the increase in SNAP caseloads between and Some of the states hit hardest by the recession saw the largest SNAP caseload increases.
For example, the four states with the biggest growth in the number of unemployed workers between and — Nevada, Florida, Idaho, and Utah — also had the biggest growth in the number of SNAP recipients over the same period.
Caseloads rose steadily during the recession and its immediate aftermath, but growth slowed substantially in andand caseloads peaked in December SNAP participation has since fallen faster every year, declining about 2 percent annually in and3 percent inand almost 5 percent in SNAP caseloads fell by about 1 million people in both and1.
To the extent that SNAP caseload declines reflect improving economic circumstances among low-income households, they are welcome. However, an austere provision affecting some of the nation's poorest individuals also reduced SNAP caseloads in recent years.
Over the course ofat leastpeople lost SNAP due to the return in many areas of a three-month limit on SNAP benefits for unemployed adults aged who aren't disabled or raising minor children.
The return of the three-month limit has contributed to falling caseloads — particularly beginning in April when individuals newly subject to the time limit began exhausting their three months of benefits in the 22 states that implemented the time limit in Every state saw substantial SNAP caseload increases during the recession and slow recovery, when national caseloads were rising that is, through Since national SNAP caseloads peaked in Decemberand as the economy has improved, every state's rapid caseload growth has ended and most states have seen steady declines.
The share of the population participating in SNAP — a measure that adjusts for population growth — fell by more than 15 percent in 26 states.
Those 26 states accounted for more than half of the national caseload in SNAP spending fell for the fourth straight year in Spending rose during the recession due to increased participation and the Recovery Act's temporary benefit increase.
The Recovery Act temporarily boosted SNAP benefits to provide fast and effective economic stimulus and push against the rising tide of hardship for low-income Americans.
Since then, spending has fallen due to the decline in participation, the expiration of the benefit increase, and low food price inflation.
Once the economy has fully recovered, SNAP costs are expected to rise only in response to increases in food prices and the size of the low-income population. Unlike health care programs and Social Security, SNAP doesn't face demographic or programmatic pressures that would cause its costs to grow faster than the economy over the long term.
SNAP thus doesn't contribute to the nation's long-term fiscal problems. SNAP benefits are based on need: A family with no net income has no money for food and thus receives the maximum benefit amount, which equals the cost of the Thrifty Food Plan for a household of its size.
By the end of the second week, SNAP households have redeemed over three-quarters of their benefits.
One study found that SNAP benefits can reduce food insecurity among high-risk children by 20 percent and improve their overall health by 35 percent.
Because SNAP allows low-income households to spend more on food than their limited budgets would otherwise allow, it helps ensure that they have enough to eat.
Among households with somewhat higher incomes, in contrast, very low food security rose in as expected. Because SNAP reduces food insecurity and associated stress and frees up income for households to buy healthier food and spend more on health, SNAP may be a path toward better health.
Research links SNAP with a number of improved health outcomes. Adults who receive SNAP have fewer sick days, make fewer visits to a doctor, are less likely to forgo needed care because they cannot afford it, and are less likely to exhibit psychological distress.
Other researchers have shown that children receiving SNAP are less likely than low-income non-participants to be in fair or poor health or underweight, and their families are less likely to make tradeoffs between paying for health care and paying for other basic needs, like food, housing, heating, and electricity.Download content for Azure, timberdesignmag.com, Office, SQL Server, SharePoint Server and other Microsoft technologies in e-book formats.
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